ACHPR Procedures

Author
Mary Falconer
Judgment date
Court name
African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights
Flynote local
Resolution
Flynote
Human Rights
ACHPR Procedures
Periodic reporting
Periodic reporting deadlines
Women
Displaced persons

La Commission Africaine des Droits de l'Homme et des Peuples, réunie en sa 70e  Session Ordinaire, tenue virtuellement, du 23 février au 09 mars 2022:

Rappelant son mandat de promotion et de protection des droits de l'Homme en Afrique, en vertu de la Charte Africaine des Droits de l'Homme et des Peuples (la Charte Africaine);

Rappelant également l'Article 45(1) (b) de la Charte Africaine qui donne mandat à la Commission de " Formuler et élaborer, en vue de servir de base à l'adoption de textes législatifs par les gouvernements africains, des principes et règles qui permettent de résoudre les problèmes juridiques relatifs à la jouissance des droits de l'Homme et des peuples et des libertés fondamentales";

Considérant l'Article 62 de la Charte africaine qui prévoit que " Chaque Etat partie s'engage à présenter tous les deux ans, à compter de la date d'entrée en vigueur de la présente Charte, un rapport sur les mesures d'ordre législatif ou autre, prises en vue de donner effet aux droits et libertés reconnus et garantis dans la présente Charte" ;

Considérant également l'Article 26 du Protocole à la Charte Africaine des Droits de l'Homme et des Peuples relatif aux Droits de la Femme en Afrique (Protocole de Maputo), qui prévoit que " Les États assurent la mise en œuvre du présent protocole au niveau national et incorporent dans leurs rapports périodiques présentés conformément aux termes de l’Article 62 de la Charte africaine, des indications sur les mesures législatives ou autres qu’ils ont prises pour la pleine réalisation des droits reconnus dans le présent protocole" ;

Considérant l'Article 14 de la Convention de l'Union Africaine sur la Protection et l'Assistance aux Personnes Déplacées en Afrique (Convention de Kampala), qui dispose que " Les États parties, en présentant leur rapport conformément à l’Article 62 de la Charte africaine des droits de l’homme et des peuples […] indiquent les mesures législatives et autres qu’ils ont prises pour donner effet à la présente Convention " ;

Ayant à l'esprit la Règle 83(1) du Règlement Intérieur 2020 de la Commission Africaine des Droits de l'Homme et des Peuples, qui prévoit que : " La date de la présentation du prochain Rapport périodique de l’État partie doit être précisée dans les Observations Finales ";

Ayant également à l'esprit sa Recommandation ACHPR/Recom.3 (III) 88 sur les Rapports Périodiques (Recommandation N°3 d'avril 1988) ;

Rappelant sa Résolution ACHPR/Res. 108(XXXXI)07 réitérant l'importance du respect des obligations de présentation de rapports en vertu de la Charte Africaine ;

Rappelant également sa décision adoptée en novembre 1995 dans laquelle il a été recommandé aux Etats Parties de regrouper plusieurs rapports en retard en un seul rapport en vue de faciliter le respect de l'obligation de présenter des rapports ;

Rappelant également les différentes décisions du Conseil Exécutif qui demandent aux Etats Parties de soumettre leurs rapports périodiques conformément à l'Article 62 de la Charte Africaine, à l'Article 26 du Protocole de Maputo et à l'Article 14 de la Convention de Kampala ;

Reconnaissant l'absence de directives pour la détermination des cycles de présentation des rapports périodiques et reconnaissant aussi qu'une certaine confusion peut en résulter, notamment en ce qui concerne le décompte des rapports dus par les Etats.

La Commission :

1. Décide d'adopter ce qui suit :

i. Un cycle de rapport périodique commence automatiquement avec la notification des Observations Finales sur le rapport périodique précédent. Le cycle comprend la soumission du nouveau rapport périodique, son examen et se termine par l'adoption des Observations Finales y afférentes ;

ii. La date d'échéance du prochain rapport périodique sera communiquée aux Etats parties avec les Observations Finales relatives au rapport précédent : La date d’échéance correspondra à la date de notification des Observations Finales plus deux ans (date d'échéance = date de notification + deux ans) ;

iii. Si l'Etat partie ne soumet pas son rapport périodique en temps voulu, la Commission comptera un rapport dû par tranche de deux ans de retard ;

2. Appelle les États parties à redoubler d'efforts pour se conformer à l'obligation de soumettre des rapports périodiques, en bonne et due forme, conformément à l'Article 62 de la Charte africaine, à l'Article 26 du Protocole de Maputo, à l'Article 14 de la Convention de Kampala et aux autres normes pertinentes.

Fait virtuellement le 09 mars 2022

Author
Mary Falconer
Judgment date
Court name
African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights
Flynote local
Resolution
Flynote
ACHPR Procedures
Fact-finding mission
Commission of inquiry

The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (the Commission), meeting at its 70th    Ordinary Session, held virtually from 23 February to 9 March 2022:

Recalling Resolution ACHPR/Res. 482 (EXT.OS/XXXII) 2021 on the Fact-Finding Mission to the Tigray Region of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Resolutions ACHPR/Res. 487 (EXT.OS/XXXIV) 2021 and ACHPR/Res. 494 (LXIX) 2021, on the Renewal of the Mandate of the Commission of Inquiry on the Situation in the Tigray Region of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (Commission of Inquiry);

Noting the work carried out thus far by the Commission of Inquiry and the need to conclude its work; and

Considering the expiry of the mandate of the Commission of Inquiry on 12 February 2022.

The Commission decides to:

i. extend the mandate of the Commission of Inquiry for a further period of three (3) months, effective from 12 February 2022, and to this end, validates all actions of the Commission of Inquiry taken in between and up to the date of the present resolution; and

ii. amend the effective date of the extension of the mandate of the Commission of Inquiry in Resolution ACHPR/Res. 494 (LXIX) 2021, on the Renewal of the Mandate of the Commission of Inquiry on the Situation in the Tigray Region of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia to read as follows:

“Considering the expiry of the mandate of the Commission of Inquiry on 12   November 2021:

“The Commission decides to extend the mandate of the Commission of Inquiry for a further period of three (3) months, effective from 12 November 2021, and to this end, validates all actions of the Commission of Inquiry taken in between and up to the date of the present resolution”.

Done virtually, on 9 March 2022

Author
Mary Falconer
Judgment date
Court name
African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights
Flynote local
Resolution
Flynote
Human Rights
Torture cruel inhuman or degrading treatment
Mission by Commission
Special mechanism
Periodic reporting
ACHPR Procedures

The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (the Commission), meeting at its 69th Ordinary Session, held virtually from 15 November to 5 December 2021;

Recalling its mandate of promotion and protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa, pursuant to Article 45 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (African Charter);  

Considering the absolute and non-derogable character of the prohibition of torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment, guaranteed by Article 5 of the African Charter;

Recalling its Resolution on the Guidelines and Measures for the Prohibition and Prevention of Torture, Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment in Africa (Robben Island Guidelines), adopted at its 32nd Ordinary Session held from 17 to 23 October 2002 in Banjul, The Gambia;

Recalling further the establishment, in 2004, of the Robben Island Guidelines Follow-up Committee to promote the implementation of the Guidelines;

Also recalling its Resolution ACHPR/Res.158 (XLVI) 09 on the change of name of the Robben Island Guidelines Follow-up Committee to the Committee for the Prevention of Torture in Africa (the Committee);

Bearing in mind Resolutions ACHPR/Res.120 (XXXXII) 07, ACHPR/Res.192 (L) 2011, ACHPR/Res.254 (LIV) 2013, ACHPR/Res.322 (LVII) 2015, ACHPR/Res.387 (LXI) 2017, ACHPR/Res.425 (LXV) 2019, ACHPR/Res.426 (LXV) 2019 and ACHPR/Res.461 (LXVI) 2020 renewing the mandate of the Committee;

Considering the Standard Operating Procedures on the Special Mechanisms of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, adopted at its 27th Extraordinary Session held from 19 February to 4 March 2020 in Banjul, The Gambia;

Considering that the Standard Operating Procedures on the Special Mechanisms of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights stipulate, inter alia, that the roles and responsibilities of mandate holders include “seeking, receiving, examining and taking action on information related to their mandate area”.

Noting that seeking, tracking, sorting, presenting, classifying and analysing information for the purposes of implementing measures relating to the CPTA’s mandate, and that the non-binding and poorly formatted nature of such reports, which are difficult to use, undermine coordination efforts and preparation of cases submitted to the CPTA thereby delaying the Committee’s measures and actions.  This highlights the need to establish an effective and formalised tracking, research, analysis and reporting system in line with the CPTA emergency action measures;

Bearing in mind that the CPTA should establish a formal framework for tracking and transmitting information on torture and related acts, including allegations of imminent or actual occurrence of such acts, in order to obtain the necessary elements for a contextualised review and response in accordance with the applicable instruments;

Noting with appreciation the work accomplished by the Committee under the leadership of Commissioner Hatem Essaiem since his appointment on 15 November 2017, including the successful organisation of the Strategic Expert Workshop on the Drafting of Standard Operating Procedures of the Alert and Reporting Mechanism to the ACPHR on Situations of Torture and Related Acts from 6 to 7 October 2021 in Zanzibar;

Expressing its gratitude to the European Union for funding this important project among many others of the Commission’s Special Mechanisms;

The Commission:

i. Entrusts the CPTA with the formulation of Standard Operating Procedures of the Alert and Reporting Mechanism to the ACPHR on Situations of Torture and Related Acts;

ii. Calls on all relevant stakeholders to provide the necessary support for the drafting of the Standard Operating Procedures of the Alert and Reporting Mechanism to the ACPHR on Situations of Torture and Related Acts; and

iii. Decides that the Standard Operating Procedures of the Alert and Reporting Mechanism to the ACPHR on Situations of Torture and Related Acts should be presented to the Commission for consideration within 1 (one) year of their adoption by the CPTA.

Done virtually, on 5 December 2021

Author
Mary Falconer
Judgment date
Court name
African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights
Flynote local
Resolution
Flynote
Human Rights
Torture cruel inhuman or degrading treatment
Disabled people
Aged people
ACHPR Procedures
Mission by Commission

The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (the Commission), meeting at its 69th Ordinary Session, held virtually from 15 November to 5 December 2021;

Recalling its mandate of promotion and protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa, pursuant to Article 45 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (African Charter);  

Considering the absolute and non-derogable character of the prohibition of torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment, guaranteed by Article 5 of the African Charter;

Recalling its Resolution on the Guidelines and Measures for the Prohibition and Prevention of Torture, Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment in Africa (Robben Island Guidelines), adopted at its 32nd Ordinary Session held from 17 to 23 October 2002 in Banjul, The Gambia;

Recalling further the establishment, in 2004, of the Robben Island Guidelines Follow-up Committee to promote the implementation of the Guidelines;

Also recalling its Resolution ACHPR/Res.158 (XLVI) 09 on the change of name of the Robben Island Guidelines Follow-up Committee to the Committee for the Prevention of Torture in Africa (the Committee);

Bearing in mind Resolutions ACHPR/Res.120 (XXXXII) 07, ACHPR/Res.192 (L) 2011, ACHPR/Res.254 (LIV) 2013, ACHPR/Res.322 (LVII) 2015, ACHPR/Res.387 (LXI) 2017, ACHPR/Res.425 (LXV) 2019, ACHPR/Res.426 (LXV) 2019 and ACHPR/Res.461 (LXVI) 2020 renewing the mandate of the Committee;

Considering the Standard Operating Procedures on the Special Mechanisms of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, adopted at its 27th Extraordinary Session held from 19 February to 4 March 2020 in Banjul, The Gambia;

Considering that the Standard Operating Procedures on the Special Mechanisms of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights stipulate, inter alia, that the roles and responsibilities of mandate holders include “seeking, receiving, examining and taking action on information related to their mandate area”.

Noting that seeking, tracking, sorting, presenting, classifying and analysing information for the purposes of implementing measures relating to the CPTA’s mandate, and that the non-binding and poorly formatted nature of such reports, which are difficult to use, undermine coordination efforts and preparation of cases submitted to the CPTA thereby delaying the Committee’s measures and actions.  This highlights the need to establish an effective and formalised tracking, research, analysis and reporting system in line with the CPTA emergency action measures;

Bearing in mind that the CPTA should establish a formal framework for tracking and transmitting information on torture and related acts, including allegations of imminent or actual occurrence of such acts, in order to obtain the necessary elements for a contextualised review and response in accordance with the applicable instruments;

Noting with appreciation the work accomplished by the Committee under the leadership of Commissioner Hatem Essaiem since his appointment on 15 November 2017, including the successful organisation of the Strategic Expert Workshop on the Drafting of Standard Operating Procedures of the Alert and Reporting Mechanism to the ACPHR on Situations of Torture and Related Acts from 6 to 7 October 2021 in Zanzibar;

Expressing its gratitude to the European Union for funding this important project among many others of the Commission’s Special Mechanisms;

The Commission:

i. Entrusts the CPTA with the formulation of Standard Operating Procedures of the Alert and Reporting Mechanism to the ACPHR on Situations of Torture and Related Acts;

ii. Calls on all relevant stakeholders to provide the necessary support for the drafting of the Standard Operating Procedures of the Alert and Reporting Mechanism to the ACPHR on Situations of Torture and Related Acts; and

iii. Decides that the Standard Operating Procedures of the Alert and Reporting Mechanism to the ACPHR on Situations of Torture and Related Acts should be presented to the Commission for consideration within 1 (one) year of their adoption by the CPTA.

Done virtually, on 5 December 2021

Author
Mary Falconer
Judgment date
Court name
African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights
Flynote local
Resolution
Flynote
Human Rights
ACHPR Procedures
Special Rapporteur
Women
Special mechanism

The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (the Commission), meeting at its 69th Ordinary Session, held virtually from 15 November to 05 December 2021;

Recalling its mandate of promotion and protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa under Article 45 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (African Charter);

Recalling its Resolution ACHPR/Res.38 (XXXVIII) 99, adopted at its 25th Ordinary Session, held from 26 April to 5 May 1999 in Bujumbura, Burundi, on the establishment of a Special Mechanism on the Rights of Women in Africa and appointment of a Special Rapporteur;

Recalling its Resolutions ACHPR/Res.63 (XXXIV) 03; ACHPR/Res.78 (XXXVIII) 05; ACHPR/Res.112(XXXXII) 07; ACHPR/Res.154 (XLVI) 09, ACHPR/Res.205 (L) 11; ACHPR/Res.245 (LIV) 13;ACHPR/Res.380(LXI)2017 and ACHPR/Res.425(LXV)2019 on the renewal of the Mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Women in Africa;

Recalling also its Resolution ACHPR/Res. 454 (LXVI) 2020 on the Renewal of the Mandate and Appointment of Commissioner Kayitesi Zainabo Sylvie as the Special Rapporteur;

Bearing in mind the resignation of Commissioner Kayitesi Zainabo Sylvie in November 2020 and the interim appointment of Commissioner Maria Teresa Manuela as Special Rapporteur;

Cognizant of the fact that women’s rights need sustained promotion and protection as many women and girls in Africa are still vulnerable and seriously exposed to human rights violations;

Recalling the Commission’s goal to continue to advocate for the ratification and implementation of the Protocol to the African Charter on the Rights of Women in Africa (the Maputo Protocol) by all States Parties to the African Charter;

Reaffirming the importance of the mechanism of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Women in Africa and the need to continue the implementation of its mandate;

Decides to appoint Commissioner Janet Ramatoulie Sallah- Njieas Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Women in Africa.

Done virtually, on 5 December 2021

Author
Mary Falconer
Judgment date
Court name
African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights
Flynote local
Resolution
Flynote
ACHPR Procedures
Human Rights
Special mechanism
Special Rapporteur
Express and disseminate opinion

The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, meeting at its 69th Ordinary Session, held virtually from 15 November to 05 December 2021;

Recalling its mandate of promotion and protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa, pursuant to Article 45 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the African Charter);

Aware that in the exercise of its mandate the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the African Commission) has established various mechanisms for the promotion and protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa;

Emphasizing that the right to freedom of expression and access to information is a fundamental human right guaranteed by Article 9 of the African Charter;

Reaffirming the commitment of the African Commission to promote the right to freedom of expression and access to information, and monitor implementation of the Declaration of Principles on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information in Africa by the States Parties;

Bearing in mind the Model Law on Access to Information in Africa which was adopted by the African Commission to encourage the adoption of national legislation on access to information in line with the regional and international standards;

Mindful of the Guidelines on Access to Information and Elections in Africa, adopted by the African Commission in light of the importance of the right of access to information to the creation of a conducive environment for free, fair and transparent elections, and elaborate on the information which should be proactively disclosed by all relevant actors during elections;

Recalling Resolution ACHPR/Res.71 (XXXVI) 04 which established the special mechanism on Freedom of Expression in Africa, and Resolution ACHPR/Res.122 (XXXXII) 07 which expanded the mandate to include access to information in Africa;

RecallingResolution ACHPR/Res.84 (XXXXV)05 which appointed Advocate Pansy Tlakula, andResolution ACHPR/Res.377(LXI)2017which appointed Mr. Lawrence Mute;

Further recallingResolution ACHPR/Res. 453 (LXVI) 2020which appointed Justice Jamesina E. L. King as the Special Rapporteur;

Considering that the mandate of Justice King, as a Member of the Commission and Special Rapporteur, came to an end on 15 November 2021;

Noting with appreciation the work done by Justice King as the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information in Africa;

Decides to appoint Commissioner Ourveena Geereesha Topsy-Sonooas the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information in Africa.

Done virtually, on 5 December 2021

Author
Mary Falconer
Judgment date
Court name
African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights
Flynote local
Resolution
Flynote
ACHPR Procedures
Special mechanism
Working group
Healthy environment

The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (the Commission), meeting at its 69th Ordinary Session, held virtually from 15 November to 5 December 2021;

Recalling its mandate of promotion and protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa under Article 45 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (African Charter);

Aware that in the exercise of its mandate, the Commission has established various mechanisms for the promotion and protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa;

Bearing in mind specifically, Articles 21 and 24 of the African Charter, on the right of all peoples to freely dispose of their wealth and natural resources, and to a generally satisfactory environment favourable to their development;

Recalling its previous Resolutions on the need for an improved protection of human rights and the environment, especially through improving the regulatory framework for the activities of the extractive industries, developing effective continental mechanisms for monitoring the human rights impact of the activities of the extractive industries and the development of jurisprudence on holding non-state actors accountable for human rights violations in Africa;

Recalling in particular, Resolution ACHPR/Res. 148(XLVI) 2009, establishing the Working Group on Extractive Industries, Environment and Human Rights Violations in Africa (the Working Group), and Resolution ACHPR/Res. 364(LIX) 2016 on Developing Reporting Guidelines with Respect to the Extractive Industries;

Noting with satisfaction the work accomplished by the Working Group up-to-date and recognizing its importance, as well as the need to allow it to continue carrying out its mandate;

Recalling Resolutions ACHPR/Res.321(LVII)2015, ACHPR/Res. 353 (EXT.OS/XX) 2016, ACHPR/Res.386(LXI)2017, ACHPR/Res.425(LXV)2019 and ACHPR/Res.459(LXVI)2020  relating to the mandate and composition of the Working Group;

Bearing in mind the Standard Operating Procedures on the Special Mechanisms of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights(the Standard Operating Procedures on Special Mechanisms) adopted by the Commission at its 27th Extraordinary Session, held from February 19 to March 4, 2020 in Banjul, The Gambia;

Noting in particular the guidelines set out in the Standard Operating Procedures on Special Mechanisms, in particular the role and responsibilities, in general, of mandate-holders, the composition of Special Mechanisms, the appointment of members and the duration of their mandate as well as the code of conduct of mandate holders;

Further noting the decisions taken during the 69th Ordinary Session held from 15 November to 05 December 2021, regarding the allocation of responsibilities relating to Special Mechanisms among the Commissioners;

Decides to appoint and reconstitute the Membership of the Working Group as follow:

1.   Commissioner Solomon Ayele Dersso, Chairperson;

2.   Commissioner Ourveena Geereesha Topsy-Sonoo, Vice-Chairperson;

3.   CommissionerMudford Zachariah Mwandenga , Member; and

4.   Maintain the Membership of Expert Members.

 Done virtually, on 5 December 2021

Author
Mary Falconer
Judgment date
Court name
African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights
Flynote local
Resolution
Flynote
ACHPR Procedures
Special mechanism
Working group
Healthy environment
Socio-economic development

The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (the Commission), meeting at its 69th Ordinary Session, held virtually from 15 November to 5 December 2021;

Recalling its mandate of promotion and protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa under Article 45 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (African Charter);

Aware that in the exercise of its mandate, the Commission has established various mechanisms for the promotion and protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa;

Bearing in mind specifically, Articles 21 and 24 of the African Charter, on the right of all peoples to freely dispose of their wealth and natural resources, and to a generally satisfactory environment favourable to their development;

Recalling its previous Resolutions on the need for an improved protection of human rights and the environment, especially through improving the regulatory framework for the activities of the extractive industries, developing effective continental mechanisms for monitoring the human rights impact of the activities of the extractive industries and the development of jurisprudence on holding non-state actors accountable for human rights violations in Africa;

Recalling in particular, Resolution ACHPR/Res. 148(XLVI) 2009, establishing the Working Group on Extractive Industries, Environment and Human Rights Violations in Africa (the Working Group), and Resolution ACHPR/Res. 364(LIX) 2016 on Developing Reporting Guidelines with Respect to the Extractive Industries;

Noting with satisfaction the work accomplished by the Working Group up-to-date and recognizing its importance, as well as the need to allow it to continue carrying out its mandate;

Recalling Resolutions ACHPR/Res.321(LVII)2015, ACHPR/Res. 353 (EXT.OS/XX) 2016, ACHPR/Res.386(LXI)2017, ACHPR/Res.425(LXV)2019 and ACHPR/Res.459(LXVI)2020  relating to the mandate and composition of the Working Group;

Bearing in mind the Standard Operating Procedures on the Special Mechanisms of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights(the Standard Operating Procedures on Special Mechanisms) adopted by the Commission at its 27th Extraordinary Session, held from February 19 to March 4, 2020 in Banjul, The Gambia;

Noting in particular the guidelines set out in the Standard Operating Procedures on Special Mechanisms, in particular the role and responsibilities, in general, of mandate-holders, the composition of Special Mechanisms, the appointment of members and the duration of their mandate as well as the code of conduct of mandate holders;

Further noting the decisions taken during the 69th Ordinary Session held from 15 November to 05 December 2021, regarding the allocation of responsibilities relating to Special Mechanisms among the Commissioners;

Decides to appoint and reconstitute the Membership of the Working Group as follow:

1.   Commissioner Solomon Ayele Dersso, Chairperson;

2.   Commissioner Ourveena Geereesha Topsy-Sonoo, Vice-Chairperson;

3.   CommissionerMudford Zachariah Mwandenga , Member; and

4.   Maintain the Membership of Expert Members.

 Done virtually, on 5 December 2021

Author
Mary Falconer
Judgment date
Court name
African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights
Flynote local
Resolution
Flynote
Human Rights
ACHPR Procedures
Special mechanism
Committee
Persons living with HIV

The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (the Commission), meeting at its 69th Ordinary Session, held virtually from 15 November to 5 December 2021;

Recalling its mandate of promotion and protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa under Article 45 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (African Charter);

Considering that as part of fulfilling its mandate, the Commission has established various mechanisms for the promotion and protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa;

Recognizing its fundamental role to protect vulnerable groups in Africa from human rights violations;

Recognising further that people living with HIV and those at risk are currently one of the most vulnerable groups exposed to serious violations of human rights in Africa;

Recalling its Resolution ACHPR/Res.163 (XLVII) 2010 adopted at its 47th Ordinary Session on the establishment of a Committee on the Protection of the Rights of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) and Those at Risk, Vulnerable to and Affected by HIV (the HIV Committee);

Further recalling its Resolutions ACHPR/Res.172 (XLVIII) 2010 and ACHPR/ Res. 285 (EXT.OS/XVI) 2014, allappointing Members for the HIV Committee;

Bearing in mind its Resolutions ACHPR/Res.195 (L) 2011and ACHPR/Res.325 (LVII) 2015 on the Appointment of the various Chairpersons of the HIV Committee;

Considering its Resolutions ACHPR/Res.220 (LI) 2012, ACHPR/Res.279 (LV) 2014, and ACHPR/Res. 352(EXT.OS/XX) 2016, all on the renewal of the mandate of the HIV Committee and its Members;

Recalling Resolution ACHPR/Res.383 (LXI) 2017 on the Renewal of the Mandate and Reconstitution of the HIV Committee;

Further recalling Resolution ACHPR/Res.425 (LXV) 2019 which renewed the mandate of all its Special Mechanisms, including the HIV Committee for a period of six (6) months, with effect from 10 November 2019;

Further recalling Resolution ACHPR/Res.460 (LXVI) 2020 on the renewal of the mandate, Appointment of the Chairperson and Reconstitution of the HIV Committee for a period of two (2) years, effective 7 August 2020;

Bearing in mind the Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) relating to its Special Mechanisms, adopted during its 27th Extra-Ordinary Session held from 19 February to 4 March 2020, in Banjul, The Gambia;

Noting in particular, guidance provided by the SOPS on the working modalities of Special Mechanisms, general roles and responsibilities of mandate holders, the composition, appointment, tenure and conduct of mandate holders; as well as terms of office of Expert Members;

Noting with appreciation the work undertaken by the HIV Committee under the leadership of Commissioner Alexia Gertrude Amesbury in the discharge of its mandate;

Further noting the resignation of the Chairperson before the end of her mandate;

Recognizing the importance of the HIV Committee in the promotion and protection of the rights of People living with HIV (PLHIV) and those at Risk, Vulnerable to and affected by HIV in Africa and the necessity to allow the HIV Committee to continue to carry out its mandate;

Decides to appoint and reconstitute the Membership of the Committee as follows:

i.                Commissioner Janet Ramatouli Sallah-Njie, Chairperson;

ii.               Commissioner Mudford Zachariah Mwandenga, Vice-Chairperson;

iii.              Commissioner Maria Teresa Manuela, Member; and

iv.              Maintain the Membership of Expert Members.

Done virtually, on 5 December 2021